Wild Food Plants of Northeast Thailand

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Ethnobotanical investigation of ‘wild’ food plants used by rice farmers in Kalasin, Northeast Thailand

Gisella S Cruz-Garcia & Lisa L Price
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed
2011 Nov 8;7:33
PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3233498
Centella asiatica
Centella asiatica (Source: Wikimedia Commons User: Forest Starr & Kim Starr)

Researchers from Wageningen University (The Netherlands) and Oregon State University (USA) conducted a study of wild food conducted in several villages in Northeast Thailand with input from women locally recognized as knowledgeable about contemporarily gathered plants.

The authors cataloged 87 wild food plants, mainly trees, herbs and climbers. Significantly, more than two thirds of the wild food plants presented other uses besides food:

“Medicine was the most widely mentioned additional use (60% of the plants)… Some examples of medicinal plants are the herbs Centella asiatica and Ludwigia adscendens. Fodder use was reported for 16% of the plants… Twelve percent of the plants are used as fuel, like Nephelium hypoleucum and Cratoxylum formosum… Timber was reported for 8% of plants. It included trees such as Xylia xylocarpa and Spondias pinnata… Eight percent of the plants are used for making local handicrafts. The three bamboo plant species are typically used in handicraft production such as in weaving hang mats. The wood of Artocarpus lacucha is used to make a traditional musical instrument similar to a xylophone called pong lang, which is regarded as the symbol of Kalasin Province. Domestic use was reported for 6% of plants. For example the rattan Calamus sp. is used for making home utensils. Five percent of the plants have auxiliary uses. The leaves of Azadirachta indica are utilized to make natural insecticide. Leucaena leucocephala (Leguminoseae) is used as fertilizer…. Ritual use was reported for 3% of the plants. The Buddhist monks spread holy water using the leaves of Phyllanthus acidus. Villagers make curry with the young leaves of Aegle marmelos and give it to the monks in blessing ceremonies. Dye was mentioned for 3% of plants used as natural colorants. The fruit of Tamarindus indica is used as dye for fish nets. The bark of Cratoxylum formosum is utilized to dye clothing. Two plants are used for cleaning, for example Cassia siamea is used for making shampoo. Only one plant is used for chewing. The bark of Artocarpus lacucha is chewed, sometimes with betle nut.”

Read the complete article at PubMed.

The information on my blog is not intended as a substitute for medical professional help or advice but is to be used only as an aid in understanding current medical knowledge. A physician should always be consulted for any health problem or medical condition.

My Virtual Berlinale – Forum & Panorama

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Thou Wast Mild and Lovely

The Forum and Panorama sections of this year’s Berlin Film Festival offer what promises to be a strong showing of films by emerging filmmakers and new directions from established helmers.

Highlights of the 44th edition of the Berlinale Forum include Josephine Decker’s directorial debut Butter on the Latch and her second feature Thou Wast Mild and Lovely, Los Ángeles by Damian John Harper, and Athanasios Karanikolas’ feature Sto spiti (At Home). While encompassing features and documentaries from every continent, this year’s Panorama has a particularly robust list from Asia, including YE (The Night), a debut from 21-year-old Zhou Hao of the People’s Republic of China, and Nước (2030), a sci-fi vision of rising sea waters by Nghiêm-Minh Nguyễn-Võ.

I won’t be attending the Festival this year, alas. But I will be following with interest from New York. If I were going to be at Berlinale, here are the screenings I would try to pack in:

Thursday 6 February

11:30 Forum, Press Screening
Thou Wast Mild and Lovely
USA 2014, 76 min
English
DIRECTOR
Josephine Decker
CAST
Joe Swanberg
Sophie Traub
Robert Longstreet
Kristin Slaysman
Matt Orme

21:00 Panorama, CinemaxX 7
Nuoc (2030)
Vietnam 2013, 98 min
Vietnamese
DIRECTOR
Nguyen-Vo Nghiem-Minh
CAST
Quýnh Hoa
Quý Bính

Friday 7 February

16:30 Forum, Delphi Filmpalast
Ché phawa daw nu nu (Tender Are the Feet)
Burma 1972, 106 min
Burmese
DIRECTOR
Maung Wunna
CAST
Zaw Win
San San Aye

20:00 Panorama, CinemaxX 7
Güeros
Mexico 2014, 106 min
Spanish
DIRECTOR
Alonso Ruizpalacios
CAST
Tenoch Huerta
Sebastián Aguirre
Leonardo Ortizgris

Saturday 8 February

12:00 Panorama Dokumente, CineStar 7
Last Hijack
Netherlands / Germany / Ireland / Belgium 2014, 83 min
Somali, English
DIRECTORS
Tommy Pallotta, Femke Wolting

14:00 Forum, Delphi Filmpalast
Schamanen im Blinden Land (Shamans of the Blind Country)
Nepal / Germany / USA 1980, 223 min
Kham, English
DIRECTOR
Michael Oppitz

19:00 Forum, Delphi Filmpalast
Töchter (Daughters)
Germany 2014, 92 min
German
DIRECTOR
Maria Speth
CAST
Corinna Kirchhoff
Kathleen Morgeneyer
Hermann Beyer
Lars Mikkelsen

22:30 Panorama, CineStar 7
YE (The Night)
People’s Republic of China 2014, 95 min
Mandarin
DIRECTOR
Zhou Hao
CAST
Zhou Hao
Liu Xiao Xiao
Li Jin Kang
Zhou Feng Qi

Sunday 9 February

12:30 Panorama Special, CinemaxX 7
Mo Jing (That Demon Within)
Hong Kong / China 2014, 112 min
Cantonese
DIRECTOR
Dante Lam
CAST
Daniel Wu
Nick Cheung

16:30 Forum, Delphi Filmpalast
German Concentration Camps Factual Survey
United Kingdom 1945/2014, 70 min
English

19:00 Forum, Delphi Filmpalast
She’s Lost Control
USA 2014, 90 min
English
DIRECTOR
Anja Marquardt
CAST
Brooke Bloom
Marc Menchaca

22:00 Forum, CinemaxX 4
Ship bun (10 Minutes)
Republic of Korea (South Korea) 2013, 93 min
Korean
DIRECTOR
Lee Yong-seung
CAST
Baek Jong-hwan
Kim Jong-gu
Jung Hi-te

Monday 10 February

11:00 Forum, CineStar 8
Que ta joie demeure (Joy of Man’s Desiring)
Canada 2014, 70 min
French
DIRECTOR
Denis Côté
CAST
Guillaume Tremblay
Emilie Sigouin
Hamidou Savadogo
Ted Pluviose
Cassandre Emmanuel

14:00 Forum, Delphi Filmpalast
N – The Madness of Reason
Belgium / Germany / Netherlands 2014, 102 min
French, Bambara, Dioulá, Sénoufo, Sonhoy, Agni
DIRECTOR
Peter Krüger
CAST
Michael Lonsdale
Wendyam Sawadogo

16:45 Forum, Delphi Filmpalast
Lajwanti (The Honour Keeper)
India 2014, 63 min
Hindi
DIRECTOR
Pushpendra Singh
CAST
Sanghamitra Hitaishi
Pushpendra Singh
Sugna Devi

19:30 Forum, CinemaxX 4
To Singapore, with Love
Singapore 2013, 70 min
English, Mandarin, Malayan
DIRECTOR
Tan Pin Pin

21:30 Forum, Delphi Filmpalast
Nagima
Kazakhstan 2013, 80 min
Russian
DIRECTOR
Zhanna Issabayeva
CAST
Dina Tukubayeva
Galina Pyanova
Marya Nezhentseva

Tuesday 11 February

14:00 NATIVe Event, Botschaft von Kanada – Canada Room
Financing, Production and Distribution – Collaborative Visions on Indigenous Cinema

16:30 Forum, Delphi Filmpalast
Kumiko, the Treasure Hunter
USA 2014, 105 min
English, Japanese
DIRECTOR
David Zellner
CAST
Rinko Kikuchi
Nathan Zellner
David Zellner

19:30 Forum, Zoo Palast 2
The Guests
USA 2013, 73 min
Without dialogue
DIRECTOR
Ken Jacobs

21:45 Forum, Delphi Filmpalast
Top Girl oder la déformation professionnelle (Top Girl or la déformation professionnelle)
Germany 2014, 94 min
German, English
DIRECTOR
Tatjana Turanskyj
CAST
Julia Hummer
Susanne Bredehöft
RP Kahl
Thorsten Heidel

Wednesday 12 February

14:00 Forum & NATIVe, Delphi Filmpalast
The Darkside
Australia 2013, 94 min
English
DIRECTOR
Warwick Thornton
CAST
Lynette Narkle
Merwez Whaleboat
Sacha Horler
Jack Charles
Claudia Karvan

17:00 Panorama Dokumente, International
Concerning Violence
Sweden / USA / Denmark 2014, 85 min
English, Swedish, Portuguese, French
DIRECTOR
Göran Hugo Olsson
CAST
Lauryn Hill

19:00 Forum, Delphi Filmpalast
Padurea e ca muntele, vezi? (The Forest is Like the Mountains)
Romania / Germany 2014, 101 min
Romanian
DIRECTORS
Christiane Schmidt, Didier Guillain

21:30 Forum, Delphi Filmpalast
Zamatoví teroristi (Velvet Terrorists)
Slovak Republic / Czech Republic / Croatia 2013, 87 min
Slovakian, Czech
DIRECTORS
Peter Kerekes, Pavol Pekarcík, Ivan Ostrochovský

Thursday 13 February

14:00 Forum, Delphi Filmpalast
Casse (Scrap Yard)
France 2013, 90 min
French
DIRECTOR
Nadège Trebal

16:30 Forum, Delphi Filmpalast
Und in der Mitte, da sind wir (And There We Are, in the Middle)
Austria 2014, 91 min
German
DIRECTOR
Sebastian Brameshuber

18:45 Forum, Delphi Filmpalast
Iranien (Iranian)
France / Switzerland 2014, 105 min
Farsi
DIRECTOR
Mehran Tamadon

22:00 Forum, CineStar 8
Gui ri zi (Shadow Days)
People’s Republic of China 2014, 95 min
Mandarin
DIRECTOR
Zhao Dayong
CAST
Liang Ming
Li Ziqian
Liu Yu

Friday 14 February

11:00 Forum, CineStar 8
Non-fiction Diary
Republic of Korea (South Korea) 2013, 93 min
Korean
DIRECTOR
Jung Yoon-suk

16:00 Forum, Delphi Filmpalast
Forma
Japan 2013, 145 min
Japanese
DIRECTOR
Ayumi Sakamoto
CAST
Emiko Matsuoka
Nagisa Umeno
Seiji Nozoe
Ken Mitsuishi

20:15 Panorama, Cubix 8
Patardzlebi (Brides)
Georgia / France 2014, 94 min
Georgian
DIRECTOR
Tinatin Kajrishvili
CAST
Mari Kitia
Giorgi Maskharshvili

22:00 Forum, CineStar 8
Los Ángeles
Mexico / Germany 2014, 97 min
Zapotec, Spanish
DIRECTOR
Damian John Harper
CAST
Mateo Bautista Matías
Lidia García García
Marcos Rodríguez Ruiz
Daniel Bautista Gutiérrez

Saturday 15 February

12:30 Forum, Kino Arsenal 1
Huba (Parasite)
Poland / United Kingdom 2014, 66 min
Polish
DIRECTORS
Wilhelm Sasnal, Anka Sasnal
CAST
Joanna Drozda
Jerzy Gajlikowski
Wojtek Slowik

14:30 Panorama, CineStar 7
Bing Du (Ice Poison)
Taiwan / Myanmar 2014, 95 min
Mandarin, Burmese
DIRECTOR
Midi Z
CAST
Wang Shin-Hong
Wu Ke-Xi

16:30 Forum, Delphi Filmpalast
Prabhat pheri (Journey with Prabhat)
India 2014, 89 min
Hindi, English, Marathi
DIRECTORS
Jessica Sadana, Samarth Dixit

20:15 Panorama, Cubix 7
Asabani Nistam! (I’m not Angry!)
Iran 2014, 110 min
Farsi
DIRECTOR
Reza Dormishian
CAST
Baran Kosari
Navid Mohammadzadeh
Reza Behboudi
Misagh Zare
Bahram Afshari

22:30 Panorama Special, Colosseum 1
Kuzu (The Lamb)
Turkey / Germany 2014, 87 min
Turkish
DIRECTOR
Kutlug Ataman
CAST
Nesrin Cavadzade
Cahit Gök
Mert Tastan
Sila Lara Cantürk
Nursel Köse

Sunday 16 February

12:30 NATIVe, Zoo Palast 2
BirdWatchers – La terra degli uomini rossi (Birdwatchers – Das Land der roten Menschen)
Brazil / Italy 2008, 108 min
Guarani, Portuguese, English
DIRECTOR
Marco Bechis
CAST
Abrísio da Silva Pedro
Alicélia Batista Cabreira
Ambrósio Vilhalva

18:45 Forum, Delphi Filmpalast
Sto spiti (At Home)
Greece / Germany 2014, 103 min
Greek, Georgian
DIRECTOR
Athanasios Karanikolas
CAST
Maria Kallimani
Marisha Triantafyllidou
Alexandros Logothetis
Zoi Asimaki
Giannis Tsortekis

21:30 Forum, Delphi Filmpalast
Free Range – Ballaad maailma heakskiitmisest (Free Range)
Estonia 2013, 104 min
Estonian
DIRECTOR
Veiko Ounpuu
CAST
Lauri Lagle
Jaanika Arum
Laura Peterson
Peeter Volkonski
Roman Baskin

Herbal Medicines for Irritable Bowel Syndrome

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Herbal medicines for the management of irritable bowel syndrome: a comprehensive review

Roja Rahimi & Mohammad Abdollahi
World J Gastroenterol
2012 Feb 21;18(7):589-600
PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3281215
Mentha piperita
Mentha piperita (Source: Wikimedia Commons User:Aleksa Lukic)

Researchers from Tehran University of Medical Sciences evaluated the management of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) by herbal
medicines and their modes of action. Searching PubMed, Scopus, and the Cochrane library for in vitro, in vivo and human clinical studies of Aloe vera, Curcuma species, Cynara scolymus, Fumaria officinalis, Hypericum perforatum, Iberis amara, Maranta arundinacea, Mentha piperita, Paeonia lactiflora and Plantago psyllium, along with several compound preparations including those of traditional medicines of different countries.

From the conclusion:

“Because of multifactorial nature of the pathophysiology of IBS, it seems that compound preparations can be more efficacious than single ones. Despite the wide prevalence of IBS, there are few studies on the use of herbal medicine in IBS and most studies in this area have focused on the use of peppermint oil and STW 5; while it seems that more effective herbal preparations can be found. For example, in traditional Iranian medicine (TIM) many single and compound herbal preparations have been introduced for the management of various gut disorders such as IBS. Among the herbal contents of this preparations, oleogumresin from Boswellia carterii, fruit of Trachyspermum amum, flower of Eugenia caryophyllata, gall of Quercus infectoria, seed of Nigella sativa, fruit of Cuminum cyminum, tabasheer (a hard, whitish, translucent substance extracted from the joints of different Bambusa species), and fruit of Cucurbita pepo can be stated.”

Tables detail the results of the meta-analysis.

Read the complete article at PubMed.

The information on my blog is not intended as a substitute for medical professional help or advice but is to be used only as an aid in understanding current medical knowledge. A physician should always be consulted for any health problem or medical condition.