Ethnomedicines of region surrounding Ayubia National Park, Himalayan Pakistan

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Ethnomedicines of highly utilized plants in the temperate Himalayan region

Begum S, AbdEIslam NM, Adnan M, Tariq A, Yasmin A, Hameed R
Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. 2014 Apr 3;11(3):132-42
PubMed Central PMC4202431

Researchers from Fatima Jinnah Women University, Arriyadh Community College of King Saud University and Kohat University of Science and Technology conducted a study of indigenous knowledge of highly utilized medicinal plants in in Nathiagali and adjoining villages surrounding Ayubia National Park, a temperate Himalayan forest region of northwestern Pakistan.

Bergenia ciliata
Bergenia ciliata [Source: Magnus Manske, Wikimedia Commons]
The team documented 43 medicinal plants used as antipyretics, for gastrointestinal disorders and for other ethnomedicinal purposes. Among the most valuable species from the perspective of the local population are Bergenia ciliata, Hedera nepalensis and Viola canescens.

In their conclusion, the authors note that the older people of the region, particularly the women, have much ethnomedicinal knowledge that has been transferred from their parents, but that the younger generation is totally ignorant about this traditional knowledge and that the plants themselves are under severe threat from overexploitation, improper collection, grazing and deforestation. They recommend training to help the medicinal plant collectors avoid losses and reforestation in the region as a way forward for the recovery of medicinal plants as well as cultivation trials under an agroforestry system.

Read the complete article at PubMed Central.

The information on my blog is not intended as a substitute for medical professional help or advice but is to be used only as an aid in understanding current medical knowledge. A physician should always be consulted for any health problem or medical condition.

2015 Fall Season, NYC

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Here are my picks so far for the fall season:

24 September, 7:30 pm
Otello
Metropolitan Opera

28 September, 6:00 pm
Mountains May Depart
New York Film Festival, Alice Tully Hall

29 September, 8:30 pm
The Forbidden Room
New York Film Festival, Walter Reade Theater

30 September, 9:00 pm
Cemetery of Splendour
New York Film Festival, Alice Tully Hall

3 October, 8:00 pm
Old Times (preview)
Roundabout Theatre Company, American Airlines Theatre

7 October, 6:00 pm
No Home Movie
New York Film Festival, Walter Reade Theater

8 October, 7:30 pm
21st Century Choreographers – Thatcher, Binet, Schumacher, Peck, Branstrup
New York City Ballet

9 October, 6:00 pm
The Treasure
New York Film Festival, Francesca Beale Theater

12 November, 7:30 pm
You Us We All
Next Wave Festival, BAM Harvey Theater

21 November, 8:00 pm
Thérèse Raquin
Roundabout Theatre Company, Studio 54

Biomedicines of the Rongmei tribe of Manipur, India

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Indigenous traditional knowledge and usage of folk bio-medicines among Rongmei tribe of Tamenglong district of Manipur, India

Prakash N, Ansari MA, Punitha P, Sharma PK
Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. 2014 Apr 3;11(3):239-47
PubMed Central PMC4202445

Tamenglong District (Manipur, India)
Tamenglong District (Manipur, India) [Source: Abhijitsathe, Wikimedia Commons]
Investigators from the Indian Council of Agricultural Research conducted a field survey to document and preserve ethnomedicinal knowledge of the indigenous Rongmei tribe of the village of Charoi Chagotlong (Tamenglong district, Manipur, India).

Justicia adhatoda/Adhatoda vasica
Justicia adhatoda/Adhatoda vasica [Source: ShineB, Wikimedia Commons]
The team identified 60 species of plants used for medicinal purposes, including Adhatoda vasica, Centella asiatica, Dioscorea bulbifera, Dioscorea pentaphylla, Eryngium foetidum, Euphorbia antiquarum, Ficus retusa, Michelia champaca, Oroxylum indicum, Rhus semialata, Zanthoxylum acanthopodium, and Zingiber officinale.

From the paper’s Discussion section:

“The villagers expressed concern at the possible loss of native plant species and indigenous traditional knowledge about the utility and usefulness of different plant species. They attributed it to strong dis-interest shown by the youths in the acquisition of traditional knowledge from the village elders. This decrease in usage of native species of edible plants is likely to continue in the future as more non native edible plants are made easily available to them in nearby shops. Traditional knowledge of medicinal plants can provide leads for further scientific studies on species and genetic diversification with certain desirable traits that can be used or transferred into the modern biomedicine for prevention and cure of certain chronic diseases. It is important not only to put such traditional knowledge on record and conduct further studies, but also to take steps to conserve the species and genetic diversity of folk biomedicine before they are lost to humans.”

The authors recommend focused efforts to promote the preservation of ethnomedicinal knowledge within the Rongmei community and exploration of their biomedicines for the prevention and cure of various human diseases.

Read the complete article at PubMed Central.

The information on my blog is not intended as a substitute for medical professional help or advice but is to be used only as an aid in understanding current medical knowledge. A physician should always be consulted for any health problem or medical condition.