Medicinal Plants of Kilte Awulaelo District, Ethiopia

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An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used in Kilte Awulaelo District, Tigray Region of Ethiopia

Abraha Teklay, Balcha Abera, and Mirutse Giday
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed
2013 Sep 8;9(1):65
PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3852788
Tigray Region of Ethiopia
Tigray Region of Ethiopia (Source: Wikimedia Commons User: TUBS)

Researchers at Jimma University and Addis Ababa University conducted an ethnobotanical study to document medicinal plants used to treat diseases of human and domestic animals in Kilte Awulaelo District in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia.

Cordia africana
Cordia africana (Source: Wikimedia Commons; Adolf Engler, Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete vol. 2 [public domain])
The study revealed 114 medicinal plant species used to treat 47 human and 19 livestock diseases, with Cordia africana as the most preferred multipurpose plant in the community, followed by Eucalyptus globules, Opuntia ficus-indica and Dodonia angustifolia.

Drought was identified as the most destructive factor of medicinal plants, followed by overgrazing and firewood collection:

“Recurrent drought was reported to have seriously threatened medicinal plant resources in the study area. Despite this fact, there is little effort in the District to cultivate or mange medicinal plants. Thus awareness is needed be raised among local people on sustainable utilization and management of the plant resources. Ex situ and in situ conservation measures should be taken to protect the medicinal plants of the District from further destruction and special attention should be given to the medicinal plants that were indicated by preference ranking exercise as the most threatened ones.”

Read the complete article at PubMed Central.

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