Ethnomedicinal study of plants used in villages around Kimboza forest reserve in Morogoro, TanzaniaEzekiel Amri and Daniel P Kisangau
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed
2012 Jan 6;8:1
PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3268735
Researchers from Dar es Salaam Institute of Technology and South Eastern University College (A Constituent College of the University of Nairobi) conducted an ethnomedical study to document medicinal plants used in the treatment of ailments in villages surrounding Kimboza forest reserve, “a low land catchment forest with high number of endemic plant species”, indeed, “the richest lowland forest in East Africa.” The authors interviewed 22 traditional medicine practitioners.
From the Results:
“A total of 82 medicinal plant species belonging to 29 families were recorded during the study. The most commonly used plant families recorded were Fabaceae (29%), Euphorbiaceae (20%), Asteraceae and Moraceae (17% each) and Rubiaceae (15%) in that order… The study revealed that stomachache was the condition treated with the highest percentage of medicinal plant species (15%), followed by hernia (13%), diarrhea (12), fever and wound (11% each), and coughs (10%). Majority of medicinal plant species (65.9%) were collected from the wild compared to only 26.7% from cultivated land.”
The plant species used to treat the highest percentage of diseases were Azadirachta indica A. Juss., Bridelia micrantha (Hochst) Baill, Ficus exasperate Valh., Mangifera indica L., Senna hirsuta (L.) Irwin & Barneby, Ocotea usambarensis Engl. and Vernonia hymenolopis A. Rich.
In their Conclusion, the authors note that:
“The results of the study revealed that there is rich diversity of medicinal plants used to treat various ailments in the neighbourhood of Kimboza forest reserve. Herbal practitioners and the local community in the study area should be educated on sustainable methods of harvesting medicinal plants without compromising their availability for future use. It is also imperative to train the community on the proper propagation techniques in order to encourage the domestication of valuable and threatened medicinal plants. The domestication of medicinal plants will create new opportunities for the local people such as provision of an alternative income and could help reduce the pressure on the wild population. Successful conservation strategies should be developed and priority given to sustainable harvesting of the plants.”
Read the complete article at PubMed.
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