Medicinal ethnobotany in Huacareta (Chuquisaca, Bolivia)Rodrigo Quiroga, Lidia Meneses & and Rainer W Bussmann
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed
2012 Aug 2;8:29
PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3285519
Researchers from Universidad Mayor de San Simón, Museo de Historia Natural Alcides D’Orbigny and Missouri Botanical Garden documented the types of diseases treated by medicinal plants in San Pablo de Huacareta (Chuquisaca, Bolivia) and their main applications. The team identified 258 traditional medicine uses, spanning a total of 13 diseases categories and including 91 native and exotic plant species and one unidentified plant.
The most important plant species identified through the survey included Xanthium spinosum, Coronopus didymus, Petiveria alliacaea, Piper sp., Hydrocotyle sp., Verbena berteroi, Tecoma stans, Urera baccifera, Chenopodium ambrosioides, Brugmansia sp., Xanthium spinosum, Rubus boliviensis, Acacia aroma, Plantago major, Equisetum giganteum, Pluchea sagittalis, Baccharis articulata and Ruta graveolens.
Gastrointestinal disorders were most the frequent disease category treated with the medicinal plants, followed by afflictions of the musculoskeletal system and dermatological disorders. The herbal remedies were mostly used in the form of teas and decoctions, and mainly consisting of native plant species, although exotic species have been introduced to the pharmacopoeia.
From the results:
“In informal conversations 67 out of 75 informants mentioned a preference for the use of medicinal plants instead of going to the hospital. This could mainly be linked to the distrust that people have in doctors. Another important aspect was the limited financial resources available for the purchase of pharmaceuticals. Often people consult doctors at the hospital, then turn to traditional healers for treatment with medicinal plants, because this cure has a lower cost.”
A table details the medicinal plants encountered, their medicinal uses, the parts used and method of preparation.
Read the complete article at PubMed.
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